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Steve Schapiro

Photographies

[Voir la biographie  Steve Schapiro]

Steve Schapiro é um fotojornalista americano que imortalizou momentos-chave da sociedade americana dos anos 60-70. Também é famoso por suas fotos de filmagem de títulos lendários do cinema, como O Poderoso Chefão e Taxi Driver.

Biografia de Steve Schapiro

Nascido no Brooklyn em 1934, Steve Schapiro descobriu logo aos nove anos de idade sua vocação para a fotografia. De imediato, decidiu se dedicar ao fotojornalismo, o que justifica que uma de suas principais referências seja aquele que é considerado o pioneiro do gênero, o fotógrafo francês Henri Cartier-Bresson.

Steve Schapiro estudou com William Eugene Smith, uma figura essencial e altamente influente do fotojornalismo americano. Smith lhe transmitiu um ensino técnico, mas também ajudou-o a desenvolver uma visão sobre o mundo e sobre a fotografia. A influência de William Eugene Smith sobre o trabalho de Schapiro é evidente.

Em 1961, Schapiro começa sua carreira como fotojornalista freelancer. Suas fotografias podem ser encontradas em revistas de renome internacional como a Life, Vanity Fair, Sports Illustrated, Newsweek, Time e Paris Match.

Os anos 60 nos Estados Unidos e suas mudanças políticas, culturais e sociais constituíram um contexto particularmente rico e interessante para o trabalho de Schapiro, que cobriu a campanha presidencial de Robert Kennedy e os principais eventos do movimento pelos direitos civis (as marchas em Washington e a marcha de Selma a Montgomery). Durante esses momentos da história norte-americana contemporânea, Schapiro se afirma não só como fotojornalista e documentarista, mas também como um verdadeiro ativista. Este aspecto é refletido em sua reportagem (realizada em 1961), dedicada aos trabalhadores migrantes no Arkansas, na qual Schapiro denuncia um cotidiano particularmente difícil e precário.

Na década de 70, foi na filmagem de longas-metragens que se tornaram cult que Steve Schapiro pôde exercer seu talento. Depois de fazer algumas imagens marcantes no set de Perdidos na Noite (Midnight Cowboy, 1968), entre elas uma famosa fotografia de Dustin Hoffman, foi contratado pela Paramount em 1971 como fotógrafo oficial do filme O Poderoso Chefão, de Francis Ford Coppola, uma das principais figuras da Nova Hollywood, então em plena ascensão. O impressionante elenco do filme – Marlon Brando, Al Pacino, James Caan, Robert Duvall – lhe permitiu fazer imagens preciosas e capturar momentos memoráveis​​ que até hoje são referência, como “a voz” ou Marlon Brando segurando o gato em seus braços.

Dois anos depois de acompanhar a filmagem de Chinatown (1974), brilhante homenagem de Roman Polanski ao filme noir, Schapiro foi contratado – a pedido de Robert De Niro – como fotógrafo de stills no set de um dos filmes mais emblemáticos do cinema americano dos anos 70: Taxi Driver, de Martin Scorsese, que ganhou a Palma de Ouro em Cannes.

Por sua lente ter capturado momentos-chave da história americana moderna e por ter demonstrado uma verdadeira consciência social e humanista, Steve Schapiro figura, inegavelmente, entre os grandes nomes do fotojornalismo.

Estilo

O estilo de Steve Shapiro é caracterizado por um olhar humano e empático sobre seus diferentes sujeitos. Sua fotografia está impregnada de humanismo, revelando um homem profundamente preocupado com os direitos sociais, políticos e culturais de seu tempo.

A sua abordagem da fotografia é, portanto, um legado direto de seu "mestre", William Eugene Smith.

Bibliografia

Taxi Driver, Taschen, 2010
The Godfather Family Album, Taschen, 2008
Schapiro’s Heroes, PowerHouse Books, 2007
Steve Schapiro: American Edge, Arena Editions, 2000

photo 001_001-Steve-Schapiro-Beckett-Looking-At-Film.jpg Steve Schapiro - Photographies

Beckett Looking At Film
by Steve Schapiro

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The Godfather - DeNiro Pacino
by Steve Schapiro

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The Godfather - The Whisper (b&w)
by Steve Schapiro

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Hullabaloo with Chuck Berry
by Steve Schapiro

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Midnight Cowboy
by Steve Schapiro

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Sophia Loren
by Steve Schapiro

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Three Men, New York, 1961
by Steve Schapiro

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Vote
by Steve Schapiro

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Warhol under silver cloud balloon
by Steve Schapiro

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White Women
by Steve Schapiro

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Woddy Allen and Ant
by Steve Schapiro

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Woody Allen with Boob
by Steve Schapiro

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Selma March-Montgomery
by Steve Schapiro

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Two Men and a Girl
by Steve Schapiro

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Ali - kids punching
by Steve Schapiro

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Angel in the Woods Final
by Steve Schapiro

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Barbra Profile
by Steve Schapiro

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First Communion
by Steve Schapiro

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Ali - Hands
by Steve Schapiro

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Boy on ground with flag Selma
by Steve Schapiro

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It's Hell Without Money
by Steve Schapiro

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Just Divorced
by Steve Schapiro

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Marcello Mastroianni
by Steve Schapiro

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Migrants at the Bean Truck
by Steve Schapiro

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MLK March
by Steve Schapiro

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Ray Charles In Board Room
by Steve Schapiro

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Redford and Hutton
by Steve Schapiro

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Truman Capote in Bed
by Steve Schapiro

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Warhol Entourages
by Steve Schapiro

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Warhol, Nico, and the Velvet Underground
by Steve Schapiro

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Worst is yet to come
by Steve Schapiro

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Yves Montand on Fifth Avenue
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver - Jodie Crossing the Street
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver "De Niro - Cab Graffitis"
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver "De Niro - The Look"
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver "Travis Bickle"
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver Harvey Keitel
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver "De Niro - Mohawk Portrait"
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver "Scorsese in Back of De Niro's Cab"
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver "Bobby and Cab"
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver "Scorsese - Gun & Grapes"
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver "De Niro - Contact Sheet"
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver "The Mirror"
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver "Travis at Home"
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver "Travis at Night"
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver "De Niro - The Cab"
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver "De Niro - Gun" CU
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver "De Niro - Are you talkin' to me"
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver "Jodie at the Hotel"
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver "Night Time"
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver "Mug Shot"
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver "The Bloody Finger"
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver "In the Street"
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #1
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #2
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #3
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #4
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #5
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #6
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #7
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #8
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #9
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #10
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #11
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #12
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #13
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #14
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #15
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #16
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #17
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #18
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #19
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #20
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #21
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #22
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #23
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #24
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #25
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #26
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #27
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #28
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #29
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #30
by Steve Schapiro

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Taxi Driver #31
by Steve Schapiro

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The Godfather "The Sun Room" B&W
by Steve Schapiro

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The Godfather "Pacino - De Niro"
by Steve Schapiro

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The Godfather "The Whisper"
by Steve Schapiro

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The Godfather "Brando & the Cat"
by Steve Schapiro

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The Godfather "Homage"
by Steve Schapiro

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The Godfather "The Whisper 1" color
by Steve Schapiro

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The Godfather "De Niro with Flaming Gun"
by Steve Schapiro

photo 113_by_Steve_Shapiro.jpg Steve Schapiro - Photographies

The Godfather "The Sun Room"
by Steve Schapiro

photo 105_by_Steve_Shapiro.jpg Steve Schapiro - Photographies

The Godfather "Pacino Portrait with Hands"
by Steve Schapiro

photo 107_by_Steve_Shapiro.jpg Steve Schapiro - Photographies

The Godfather "Genco Importing"
by Steve Schapiro

photo 108_by_Steve_Shapiro.jpg Steve Schapiro - Photographies

The Godfather "Brando at Family Meeting"
by Steve Schapiro

photo 114_by_Steve_Shapiro.jpg Steve Schapiro - Photographies

The Godfather "The Make up Room"
by Steve Schapiro

photo 115_by_Steve_Shapiro.jpg Steve Schapiro - Photographies

The Godfather "Brando Waving to the Crowd"
by Steve Schapiro

photo 109_by_Steve_Shapiro.jpg Steve Schapiro - Photographies

The Godfather "De Niro - Sicily"
by Steve Schapiro

photo 112_by_Steve_Shapiro.jpg Steve Schapiro - Photographies

The Godfather "De Niro - The Fire"
by Steve Schapiro

photo 116_by_Steve_Shapiro.jpg Steve Schapiro - Photographies

The Godfather "Brando & Pacino in the Garden"
by Steve Schapiro

photo 120_by_Steve_Shapiro.jpg Steve Schapiro - Photographies

The Godfather "Pacino - Portrait Cuba"
by Steve Schapiro

photo 118_by_Steve_Shapiro.jpg Steve Schapiro - Photographies

The Godfather "Brando & the Cat" color
by Steve Schapiro

photo 103_by_Steve_Shapiro.jpg Steve Schapiro - Photographies

The Godfather "The New Don"
by Steve Schapiro

photo 104_by_Steve_Shapiro.jpg Steve Schapiro - Photographies

The Godfather "Pacino Portrait (side)" color
by Steve Schapiro

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The Godfather "The Piano"
by Steve Schapiro

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The Godfather #1
by Steve Schapiro

photo 081_by_Steve_Shapiro.jpg Steve Schapiro - Photographies

The Godfather #2
by Steve Schapiro

photo 083_by_Steve_Shapiro.jpg Steve Schapiro - Photographies

The Godfather #3
by Steve Schapiro

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The Godfather #4
by Steve Schapiro

photo 106_by_Steve_Shapiro.jpg Steve Schapiro - Photographies

The Godfather #5
by Steve Schapiro

photo 110_by_Steve_Shapiro.jpg Steve Schapiro - Photographies

The Godfather #6
by Steve Schapiro

photo 111_by_Steve_Shapiro.jpg Steve Schapiro - Photographies

The Godfather #7
by Steve Schapiro

photo 117_by_Steve_Shapiro.jpg Steve Schapiro - Photographies

The Godfather #8
by Steve Schapiro

photo 119_by_Steve_Shapiro.jpg Steve Schapiro - Photographies

The Godfather #9
by Steve Schapiro

photo 122_by_Steve_Shapiro.jpg Steve Schapiro - Photographies

The Godfather #10
by Steve Schapiro

photo 121_by_Steve_Shapiro.jpg Steve Schapiro - Photographies

The Godfather #11
by Steve Schapiro